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Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Federal Home Loan Banks (FHLBs) are government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) that help bring capital to the housing markets. Their regulator is the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA).

 

HFAs and the Housing GSEs
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac purchase and securitize loans from HFAs and other lenders who then use the proceeds to finance more mortgages. The FHLBs provide advances and other financial products to support their members’ affordable housing activities. The GSEs are critical in providing liquidity, stability and affordability to the mortgage market, particularly for long-term, fixed-rate mortgages. Until recent years, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac were large purchasers of Housing Bonds and Housing Credits.

GSE Reform

Recently, Congress has begun to consider comprehensive reform legislation, particularly Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. NCSHA supports a strong, healthy GSE system in order to ensure stability, liquidity, and affordability in the home mortgage market. NCSHA's position paper on GSE reform calls for a for a system with an explicit goverment guarantee, robust affordable housing goals, and a clear commitment to partnering with HFAs.

Useful Links: Federal Housing Finance Agency, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, U.S. Federal Home Loan Bank System

NCSHA Blog Posts

  • April 20, 2015
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    The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) announced April 17 that it has determined that the guarantee fees (g-fees) that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac charge lenders in exchange for insuring single-family mortgage loans should generally stay at their current level. However, the agency directed each firm to make targeted adjustments to its fees, including eliminating the upfront adverse market fee for new single-family loans and increasing the g-fees for loans with secondary financing.

  • March 27, 2015
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    Yesterday, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) released a final rule establishing certain requirements regarding Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac’s contributions to the Housing Trust Fund and the Capital Magnet Fund (the Funds). Specifically, the rule would prohibit Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac from trying to recoup their allocations to the Funds by passing along the costs to loan originators, and sets a framework by which FHFA will enforce this prohibition. The final rule is identical to an interim final rule FHFA proposed in December.

    News

    • August 2, 2012
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      The funding comes by way of the AG’s office from the National Mortgage Settlement. It was given to the Tennessee Housing Development Agency to administer. THDA officials say the application process will be similar to that of the Hardest Hit Fund, which helps homeowners on the brink of foreclosure.

    • April 30, 2010
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      The Ohio Housing Finance Agency (OHFA) recently issued $5.6 million of tax exempt bonds on behalf of New Hampshire House Associates, LLC. The proceeds of the bonds will be used to finance the acquisition and rehabilitation of a multifamily residential rental facility in Warren, Ohio.

      Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSEs) - Resources

      • February 27, 2015
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        The 2015 NCSHA Congressional Handout is available for download here. This effective tool may be used when speaking to members of Congress, state officials, and business partners alike. Filled with recent statistics and compelling graphics, this informational brochure may be used to share with your constituents the important work that HFAs do and why they do it.